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Disease Assistant
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shakaho last won the day on December 15 2017

shakaho had the most liked content!

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About shakaho

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  • Birthday 12/01/1942

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    Orlando FL
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  • How many Goldfish
    Too many! About 50.


  • Location
    Orlando FL

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  1. Dead koi. Egg bound. How to prevent?

    I suggest doing some searches on the subject in Koiphen. Normally koi that are eggy in winter absorb the eggs. Koi spawn much less often than goldfish. I know people with koi ponds who say the fish haven't spawned in years.
  2. When you test for nitrate do you shake the bottle and the tube for the full time? If you don't, you have no test. The first picture shows a pH of 7.4 - 7.6. I assume this is tap water. What do you get for the tank? The second picture shows 0.25 - 0.5 ppm ammonia, 0 nitrite and 0 nitrate. Tap water? Tank water? The third picture isn't readable. Please stand the tubes upright (so we are looking through the entire contents of the tube) and make sure each tube has a white background. Something is funny about the lighting in this picture. As you can see, the ammonia colors on the card in the picture don't match real life. Nitrite is zero but we can't determine the nitrate because of the lack of a white background.
  3. Fin parasites

    If you must have substrate, it should be no more than a half inch deep. Sand works best since goldfish came from ponds and lakes that have sand/mud bottoms. Since sand packs in the bottom of the tank it does not collect as much crud as gravel or pebbles. You can easily siphon off the mulm, which is decomposing organic material, sitting on the top of the sand. I don't know why you want to stir the substrate. I'm just guessing here, but if you did this: "Do I need to remove my fish, completely stir my substrate and then do a 80-90% water change?" every day, it would take months to clean the substrate. To clean a deep substrate you have to take it all out and wash it in several buckets of water. I haven't run across anyone before who wanted to grow aquatic plants in the fish tank of an aquaponics system. Terrestrial plants do a much better job of cleaning water than aquatic plants.
  4. Fin parasites

    Please don't stir the substrate unless you first remove the fish and then replace all of the water after you finish stirring. The substrate is loaded with decaying material some of which can harm or even kill your fish. Yes, nitrate can lower the pH. You also may have water with a low KH, which will result in a pH drop if you just store the water. Please draw a gallon of water from the tap, test its initial pH, and repeat the test daily. If the pH drops with time, we can use baking soda to increase the KH and stabilize the pH.
  5. Obviously, your system has not cycled, since you had 2 ppm ammonia. That amount of ammonia could certainly account for the symptoms. Have you changed any media in your filters? Can you think of anything that might have damaged the cycle? Please add 2X the recommended dose of Prime to the tank daily. How did you measure 1ppm nitrate?
  6. Please give us the brand name of your filters and the flow rate in gallons per hour if possible. "* What do you feed your fish and how often? 1 x pet day. i try not to overfeed" What is "pet"? How much do you feed? Did you put in 1% salt (10 teaspoons per gallon) or 0.1% salt (one teaspoon per gallon)? Did you test the water before or after the 80% water change? How often do you clean your filters and how do you clean them?
  7. After the ice...

    If you put a pump in the pond with a tube going to the surface, you can keep a hole open in the ice. This allows some gas exchange. They don't need much oxygen in cold water, but they do need some. Fish in an open ice-free pond can freeze to death if you get heavy snow or sleet. This cools the water to the freezing point which severely shocks the fish at best. An iced-over pond (unless frozen solid) will have water at the bottom slightly above frezing.
  8. Fin parasites

    You can put the plants in pots and have a clean tank bottom.
  9. Fin parasites

    We don't recommend more than a half inch of substrate, and no substrate works better. With deeper substrate, you get anaerobic bacteria growing in it, and these can release some nasty chemicals. Do another, larger, water change to get the toxins out.
  10. Fin parasites

    My indoor aquaponics set up uses these for the fish tank and grow bed. The water flows by gravity from the fish tank to a 5 gallon DIY upflow biofilter. This empties into a 12 gallon tote that serves as a sump. I have a pump similar to yours in one of these int the sump. The pump lifts the water into the grow bed, which is a foot higher than the fish tank. A bell siphon allows the grow bed to fill with water and then empty into the fish tank, like this. I have 5 young fantails, ~2 inches standard length (without tail) in this 15 gallon fish tank. Shocking, right? However the fish actually live in a 47 gallon system including the fish tank, grow bed, filter, and sump. Furthermore their tank has almost 5 ft2 of surface/swimming area. That surface area exceeds that of a 40B aquarium, which most consider the best aquarium for two adult goldfish. As a rule of thumb, you should have at least 2 square feet of surface area per adult goldfish. When i had just set up the system about six months ago, I had four of the fantails (smaller than now) in the fish tank and a sparse growth of lettuce. So I checked the nitrate. Ouch. It was over 80 ppm. I changed a lot of water with little change, then decided to add the nutrients that my outdoor aquaponics system needed for good plant growth -- iron, magnesium, and potassium. The plants started growing like crazy. I now have about 20 rapidly growing lettuce and arugula plants in the grow bed. I have to pick it weekly. The fish look happy and healthy. After talking to you about nitrate levels, I decided to test the nitrate in the water coming out of the grow bed. It was zero! The system has perfect balance with the plants cleaning out the nitrate for the fish.
  11. Fin parasites

    Would you please give more information on your aquaponics system? I got that the fish tank is 29 gallons and a 290 g/h pump takes the water to a filter. Would you show a pic of the filter? Tell me about the plant part of the system. Do you use a grow bed or something else? What kind of plants do you have and how many? A balanced aquaponics system should have very low nitrate water coming into the fish tank after the plants have "eaten" their fill. https://www.friendlyaquaponics.com/2015/08/06/operating-on-zero-ppm-measurable-nitrates/ Here's a simple and pretty accurate article on nitrate levels. Mjfromga states correctly that nitrates over 60 ppm harm fancy goldfish. Healthy goldfish don't normally shed scales. Please link to the
  12. Santa brought me a bigger tank!!! 😊😊😊

    One AC110 with sponge filters should work just fine. I don't think goldfish like churning water and fish that hang around in a comfortable "dead spot " to avoid the current don't get the exercise they need to stay healthy. In my ponds, where the fish can decide whether they want to stay in the moving water coming from the filter or in the quieter parts of the pond, all choose the quieter water.
  13. 10 year old common constipated?

    Take a bucket of water of measured volume, and add measured amounts of baking soda to it until the pH stabilizes. Then determine how many teaspoons, tablespoons, or cups you have to add per gallon of tap water, and treat all the water change water accordingly. Several people here do this with every water change. My water comes from a limestone aquifer, so I'm not one of them.
  14. 10 year old common constipated?

    I don't use a filter in a hospital tank, just water changes. I use two underbed totes like this and do 100% water changes every second day by the bucket to bucket method. Why are you trying to change the KH when you have a tank pH of 8.1 and a tap 8.3? What test did you use to get those numbers? If you feel you must raise the KH, use baking soda. Add it in small amounts (like 1/4 teaspoon) until you get the pH where you want it.
  15. 10 year old common constipated?

    Dose Prime daily. I see no reason for a double dose unless the ammonia concentration exceeds 1 ppm. Would you consider putting her in a six inch deep underbed tote instead of that deep tank? If not, would you consider half-filling the tank? As long as the fins don't stick out of the water, the shallower the water the easier it is for the fish to swim upright and the more it will swim. Exercise helps keep the digestive tract working. If she eats peas, feed just peas until you see green poop. She's more likely to eat duckweed if the water is shallow. Black indicates healing tissue, more black suggests improvement.