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Pic of the week

Pic of the week poll #14


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Everything posted by blackteles

  1. Here's a really good article on the growth of goldfish written by Jamie Boyle. Great reading for everyone! Many aquarium owners having goldfish often wonder how big and how fast there goldfish will grow. Goldfish growth really depends on certain factors that will influence how fast they grow. Some factors that directly influence growth are: 1. How clean is the water for your Goldfish? 2. How big is the environment, goldfish bowl, aquarium or pond? 3. What kind of food are you feeding your fish? 4. The genetics (DNA) of the goldfish parents passed on to their offspring. How fast do goldfish grow is really a tough question to answer really. As mentioned above these factors will influence the growth potential of your goldfish. For example how clean your water is impacts how fast they will grow. If the water is too clear then lacks algae and food to feed on. Second if water quality is not kept up with proper maintenance causes stress on them which may impact the goldfish desire to eat. If they don't eat, they don't grow, therefore growing slower then normal. The environment or home for your goldfish plays a big part on how fast goldfish will grow as well. For instance if you put your fish in a bowl it won't grow as much as it would if it were in an aquarium or garden pond. The environment plays a major part in goldfish growth. Goldfish will only grow to the size of their environment in which it can handle. Also the more space a goldfish has will help increase the size of your goldfish and won't stunt them from growing. When goldfish have big aquariums or tanks to grow in it will make less maintenance for you and much happier fish. Another reason goldfish grow faster in larger environments is there is more food readily available to eat. There is always food in an aquarium to eat for goldfish especially in ponds. Fish will grow fast due to abundance of algae to eat and also the live microscopic animals and insects to feed on. Goldfish basically have a buffet at anytime they want with the amount of food they will find to eat living in ponds. They will grow extremely fast as well if the water is green like pea soup or they are grown in mud ponds. You will see your goldfish grow fast. The goldfish food that you feed them plays a part in their growth as well. If you want your goldfish to grow fast consider feeding them a wide variety of foods. Also high growth food will help as well maximizing the growth of your fish. You can also feed them several times a day just make sure they eat all the goldfish food that you give them within 2 minutes other then that discard uneaten food as it will foul your water. The food you feed them will play a part in their growth as well. So to really answer the question, "How Fast Do Goldfish Grow" really has too many factors to really answer. Also genetics plays a part in this as well. If you look at some people today some are skinny, some are large, medium, petite, tall and short. Everyone grows differently and the same goes for goldfish. For example I'm 6'4" while my parents are like 5'6" so I grew taller. Usually if you come from a tall family you will have tall kids which happens most times through DNA passed on to kids. So goldfish genetics and DNA sometimes will impact how fast goldfish grow as well. Really a question with no true answer but definitely things people can do to grow them faster by doing several things. Biggest thing that will help grow your goldfish fast is give them the space they deserve don't confine your fish to small tanks go bigger and you will have bigger goldfish too.
  2. Here's a thread I thought would be fun to keep going...everyone likes to hear what you got at your LFS. I've seen this done on other sites and everyone has fun keeping it going. I'll lead off but I didn't go to my LFS, I went online and purchased three AquaClear 110's for my upcoming 120 gallon tank! -Dennis
  3. blackteles

    Welcome To The Batcave!

    Well here we go...welcome to the Batcave. It's dark, cold, and kind of smelly...so if you're having issues just plug your nose and keep walking. I'm going to start off from today's trip to my LFS. But why not start from day #1 you may ask? Well, 'cause I don't really feel like it right now so there! I'll work on it later to build the suspense. That's me...dark, mysterious....ah forget it! Soooo, after some prodding from the greatest enabler in the world, I took a trip down to my favorite LFS in Montoursville PA. A GREAT place, I really enjoy going there. They have a great staff...one of the females there has the most beautiful eyes I've ever seen and I continuously tell her that. Oh she smiles, giggles, and blushes...but man, I'd do ANYTHING to get a 15% discount. Anyway, I stopped in and picked up a hanging metal thermometer (I love these things), two Tetra plants for my tropical tank, and I returned a Tetra 100w heater that big the big one on me after only being in service for two weeks. It was only holding a temperature of 72? where I need at least 75-78? for my tropicals. Last weekend I ran down and picked up a Rena SmartHeater 100w to replace the non-functional Tetra. After setting the SmartHeater to 78? and keeping the Tetra heater plugged in as well, the water temp rose to 78? in about two hours. Unplugged the Tetra heater, boxed it up, and put it away for a return trip to the LFS today. Three clerks up front against one customer, me. They tried to hand me a story about how they couldn't take it back...and I'm like "I bought it here, I'm going to buy another Rena SmartHeater, so what's the problem"? Once they found out I was buying more stuff they quickly changed their attitudes. I knew I could make 'em see my way. Also picked up a carbon insert for my AC 50 in the tropical tank, two check valves just to be safe, and a new Rena SmartHeater 100w to use as a backup. the best heater out there in my opinion. And the best part of my trip! Two new telescopes to add to the herd! One is a calico telescope who will be called Patch, and the other is a black and silver telescope and his name will be Bat. Right now they're acclimating and will be released into QT within 30 minutes. My LFS does a nice job of taking care of their tanks and I'd be half tempted to add them with the others but my sensible side tells me nada. They had a 30 gallon tank FULL of calico telescopes and white Orandas with chocolate wens. The young guy that usually works the aquariums showed me the new shipment. Wish I could have taken all the telescopes in that tank (all the rest were calico teles). So if any of you are looking for nice white 4-5 inch Orandas with chocolate wens..I'm just sayin... Patch and Bat are both about 3 inches long and are in very good condition. Nice loose flowing fins with a tall, erect dorsal is the first thing I always look for. They're going to be a nice addition to my herd. Magoo is now in with the Chocolate twins and is doing fine. I just finished a 50% water change and gravel vac earlier today so what better time to put him into his new home with the twins? It doesn't take long to acclimate them from tank to tank as both have exactly the same parameters so it's relatively easy. I never net them when transferring from tank to tank...I always use my wet hands which definitely saves a lot of stress. That's pretty much it for now until I think of something else that I may have missed. Before I left I was sure to give the little female with the pretty baby blues a big smile and a wink. But that's another chapter...turn the page.
  4. Go to the main Forums page, To the left you'll see a green AquaRank button. Click on that and you'll be taken to the AquaRank page. Click on the blue hyperlink at the top that says "Vote for this site." That's it! If everyone would remember to vote once daily we'd be at #1. You can also vote from different computers with a different IP address to help give us a boost but remember you can only vote once a day from the same computer. Thanks for your help on this Helen!
  5. I've had five blacks turn completely orange over the past few years. Presently I have two broadtail Moors undergoing a color change. In my experience it's going to be at least 4-6 months from start to finish. In my opinion color changes are due to stress and extremely warm temperatures. Here's an article you may want to read which explains why goldfish change color. http://www.kokosgoldfish.invisionzone.com/forum/index.php?/topic/90226-why-goldfish-change-color/
  6. blackteles

    RIP Sweet Pippin :(

    Aw crap. So sorry to hear about Pippin, Kathy.
  7. blackteles

    What's your favorite goldfish color?

    Black is the color of objects that do not emit or reflect light in any part of the visible spectrum; they absorb all such frequencies of light. Although black is sometimes described as an "achromatic", or hueless, color, in practice it can be considered a color, as in expressions like "black cat", "black paint", or "blackteles.":
  8. This is from an article that I've read and thought I would pass it along...good reading for everyone! I think it's very important to minimize stress wherever possible -Dennis In all cases, the level of stress induced by a specific factor is highly species-dependent. You should be aware of the type of stress that will be present in your tanks and select fish known to tolerate such conditions well. For example, if your water is hard and alkaline, you're best off selecting fish that thrive under such conditions. Nitrogen compounds (ammonia, nitrite and nitrate) have varying degrees of toxicity and are stressful at all levels. Ammonia is toxic in low concentrations and severely stresses fish under ANY concentration. Consequently, a healthy aquarium must have an adequate biological filter that quickly converts ammonia to nitrite (and nitrate). Although significantly less toxic than ammonia or nitrite, nitrate also stresses fish. Thus, a means of removing excess nitrate (e.g., through regular water changes) helps keep an aquarium healthy. The water temperature of your tank should match the needs of its inhabitants. Keeping water temperature too cold or too warm for a particular species will stress those fish. For example, goldfish prefer cooler temperatures than most tropical fish (goldfish survive winters in ponds where temperatures approach freezing), guaranteeing that a tank containing both goldfish and tropicals will either be too cold or too warm for some of the inhabitants. Some fish prefer soft water, others prefer hard water. Keeping a soft-water preferring fish in harder water (and vice versa) is stressful. Some fish prefer acidic water, some prefer alkaline water, others prefer water with a neutral pH. (Some fish don't care too much.) Some fish live in brackish water conditions; they will do better in water with a small amount of added salt. Other species are extremely intolerant of salt. Add salt only if all of a tank's inhabitants can tolerate salinity. Mollies, for example are known to like salt, whereas many species of catfish tolerate no salt at all. In general, fish lacking scales (or having small scales) don't tolerate salt well. The amount of physical space required for a particular fish depends on its species. Some fish do just fine in a 10g tank, others need 100g or more. Keeping a fish in a tank that is too small for it increases the level of stress (on everyone), frequently leading to increased aggression among tank inhabitants. Note also that the amount of space required may change should fish pair off to breed. Cichlids, for example, claim a portion of the tank for themselves when in breeding form, chasing away any fish that encroach on their territory. Thus, the onset of breeding behaviors frequently increases stress levels. Not all species of fish mix well with others. As an obvious example, most cichlids will eat smaller tank inhabitants (e.g., anything they can fit in their mouths). Even if too big to be eaten, however, peaceful fish will be stressed if kept with aggressive fish that chase them around all day. Moreover, many fish communicate through behavior and body language (i.e., cichlids frequently establish a ``pecking order'' in which one fish is king). Fish of one type of species may not recognize the signals given off by others, guaranteeing continual strife. Some fish school in nature, spending their entire lives in large groups (rather than individually); they never feel comfortable or ``safe'' when kept by themselves. Cory cats for example, do better in a tank with 6 or more other Corys than they do by themselves. While it may be tempting to buy six different kinds of fish, this may not be ideal for the fish themselves. The opposite can also be true. Some fish are more aggressive towards members of their own species (e.g., mating behaviors), whereas they may not feel threatened by other species and pretty much ignore them. Fish need oxygen, and some fish are more tolerant of low-oxygen water than others. Water with insufficient oxygen stresses fish. Note that as the water temperature goes up, the amount of dissolved oxygen in water decreases. Poor nutrition also causes stress. A healthy diet is a varied diet, and one should avoid using old foods in which vitamins and other nutrients have broken down. ``Old food'' includes food that has been stored in hot places, been exposed to air (not sealed), etc. The ``cure'' of adding medicines to tanks is often worse than the original disease. Medications that kill bacteria, parasites, etc. are usually not too discerning: they may also kill your nitrifying bacteria (now you REALLY have a major problem) or be toxic to the fish themselves. For example, some species of fish do not tolerate certain types of medicines at all. Adding such medications may weaken healthy fish to the point that they become susceptible to the original disease. Adding untreated water to your tank may introduce chlorine or chloramine, both of which are toxic to fish. Be sure to treat all water prior to adding it to your tank. Sudden changes in water conditions can be stressful. Within limits, most fish can adjust to sub-optimal water conditions (e.g., wrong temperature, wrong pH). However, fish have difficulty adjusting to a SUDDEN change in water chemistry. Thus suddenly raising (or lowering) the temperature, changing the pH, changing the water hardness, etc. stresses a fish. It is more important to keep the water chemistry stable over the long haul than to keep keep water conditions exactly optimal. In summary, many factors lead to fish stress. Minimizing and eliminating sources of stress increases the chances of keeping tank inhabitants healthy. The exact amount of stress an individual fish can take depends greatly on what species it is, its age and size, etc. A stressed fish is a weakened fish. Although it may appear healthy to the casual observer, it will be more susceptible to disease, injury, etc. In contrast, healthy (unstressed) fish will be able to ward off disease and infection on their own. Thus, the appearance of disease in a tank is frequently brought on by ``poor water conditions'' that leave fish with weakened immune systems.
  9. Here are two nice articles that deal with why goldfish change colors.... This one is from Ingrid at GAB... The colors of fish are due to the presence of pigment cells called chromatophores. Chromatophores come in two varieties: those that absorb light and those that reflect light. Some light-absorbing chromatophores that occur in fish are melanophores, erythophores, xanthophores, and cyanophores. Leucophores and iridophores are examples of light-reflecting chromatophores. Inside chromatophores are organelles called chromatosomes. The type of chromatosome found in a chromatophore determines the color of the pigment cell. For example, melanophores, which are black, contain melanosomes, ie. melanin (black) is the pigment in the chormatosomes of melanophores. Scientists have identified two types of color changes in fish: physiological and morphological. Physiological color changes are due to the spreading out or aggregation of chromatosomes. When the chromatosomes are spread throughout the cell, the color is more pronounced to the naked eye. However, when the chromatosomes aggregate in the center of the cell, the color is muted or not visable. Morphological color changes, on the other hand, are due to a change in the number of chromatophores. So a fish that loses a number of melanophores will appear lighter, and a fish that gains melanophores will appear darker. Physiological color changes can become morphological color changes over time. For example, a fish that is kept in a tank with a dark background and dark rocks will become darker, initially because of movement of melanosomes in the already exisiting melanophores. However, if enough time goes buy, the fish will start to produce more melanophores and then the color change is considered morphological. The common phenomenon of black goldfish turning orange, or young goldfish losing black markings as they grow is an example of a morphological color change. As the fish mature, they lose melanophores in a process called apoptosis. Apoptosis is directed cell death, or cellular suicide, and is an important phenomenon in many aspects of development. However, the exact molecular cues that tell a cell it's time to die are still very mysterious. In addition to apoptosis, goldfish that lose black coloration are also supressing the birth of new melanophores. The loss of melanophores reveals the other pigment cells present in the skin. The type and extent of color change a young fish will go through depends on their individual genetic makeup, and there is a lot of variation between individuals! Some fish even go through a second color change from the destruction of xanthophores (red pigment cells). ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- From Rick at GFC.... I would like to share with you the three most common reasons why goldfish change colors: 1- Genetics plays a big roll in the color of goldfish. When Goldfish Breeders pair their goldfish for breeding, they breed for good goldfish type and color. I'll use the beautiful moor as an example because it is one of the types of goldfish the goldfish breeders use in their goldfish breeding programs that proves my point. I know you have seen pictures of, or even own a moor that is black as velvet with excellent goldfish type. Some moors will hold this beautiful black-velvet color while others will begin to turn gold. The reason some will turn gold is, in order to improve the bodies and or eyes of the moors, the goldfish breeders will use gold telescopes as a cross. The goldfish breeders sort the fry (baby goldfish) for type and color at a very early stage in their lives. The fry that are black are moors, the fry that are any other color become telescopes. Now, if the genetics are just right, some of the moors will remain black their whole life, others will turn gold within six months or even years. Some will just have a light colored belly. I'm not saying that all goldfish breeders use this method of breeding, however, many of them do. 2- Goldfish Collectors with new goldfish become concerned when within a few weeks or months their GOLD goldfish start showing signs of big black patches of color on the body and fins. The black is a sign of healing. Like a "black and blue" mark on your arm after you hit it on something. The new fish have been knocked around, handled and bruised from the moment they left the country the were born in. When you bring them home and begin to give them some tender loving goldfish care, they begin to heal, that's when you see the "black". When I imported hundreds of show quality goldfish each year I was very happy to see the "black" on my GOLD goldfish, that's when I knew I had them strong and healing. It could take two weeks or longer for the "black" to disappear. 3- Now here's a color change that should throw up a big "RED FLAG" to any person who wants to give good goldfish care. When the colors of you goldfish become very dull and your goldfish becomes inactive, act at once! This is a sign that could mean big health problems! Attention: One major cause of "dull color" are parasites!! Treat ASAP. I've also had goldfish lose color because of a quick drop in pH. I've had goldfish become thin with dull color after major treatments of antibiotics. The reason? The "good bacteria" in their digestive tract was destroyed by the antibiotics. The nutrients of the food they were eating were not being absorbed into their system and they were starving. That's why we formulated our "Jump Start" to replace the "good bacteria" in their digestive tract. High quality probiotics are a must after any treatment of antibiotics or long sickness. One and two above are nothing to worry about, but pay special attention to number three. There are a few other things that could cause color change or dull color , such as poor quality food, and internal worms, however, the three above are the most common.
  10. blackteles

    What kind of fish should I get?

    Two black telescopes! Just sayin!
  11. blackteles

    Some new pics

    Quite awesome, Kathy! Great job as always!
  12. blackteles

    Very Nice Petsmart

    Nice job, Koko! The black teles look good!
  13. blackteles

    GRRR! Albino Cories!

    TL, I definitely would look at adjusting your pH levels. Corys don't do well in an alkaline environment. The native environment for Corydoras is slow-moving streams where the water is shallow, clear, soft and neutral or slightly acidic. Keep the pH-value in slightly below 7 and strive for 5-10 degrees of hardness. Some Corydoras species do not cope well with salt, so you must research you particular species before you use salt as medication. Corys are quite hardy and adaptable, but they are sensitive to high levels of nitrate since this makes them susceptible to barbell infections.
  14. blackteles

    GRRR! Albino Cories!

    Hey TL, I've had real good luck with my albino Corys. I have three right now, two of which are almost 2 yrs old. I was having some difficulties with some losses and after some research I believe my pH may have been fluctuating which they couldn't handle. Are you holding your pH at a constant 6.8-7.0? And what's your weekly percentage of water change? Parameters OK? Corys are hardy, the albinos are no exception in my experience. Hopefully we can help you.
  15. blackteles

    Goldfish Connection

    I was bidding on #11 black but I didn't get it.
  16. blackteles

    floating filter media basket in AC 110

    Cindy, You really have to clean your filter sponges very well by squeezing them in buckets of tank water. Continue to do this until your water is completely clear. You may need to also rinse your other media better as well in tank water. Don't worry about killing your BB by rinsing in tank water. A highly clogged sponge will build pressure which is causing your media basket to raise. When I first got my AC 70's they did the same thing. Only after repeated cleanings of the sponges did they finally come back to where they should have been which meant my media hasn't ever been pushed up since. I clean each AC once a month by the method above and I haven't had this pressure buildup in two years. Here's an excerpt from the AquaClear manual below: Q. What happens if I forget to clean my filter inserts? A. If the Power Filter is left unattended for too long, the filter inserts become clogged with debris. In extreme cases, the filter basket may be forced up from the filter case due to the pump pressure. This is an indication that the efficiency of the filtration is very low and that the filter inserts require immediate rinsing or replacement.
  17. Here's a link to a chart that I use that's always been very helpful. The chart is from alysta.com. The table lists many of the common sizes of fish tanks, along with dimensions, weight (empty and full), and whether the tank has a tempered glass bottom or not. http://alysta.com/books/fishtank.htm
  18. blackteles

    Short video of the 125

    Nice job, Molly! Your fish and tank look great!
  19. blackteles

    Today I Went To My Favorite Lfs And.....

    Did some online shopping and picked up a bunch of tropical fish food, and bloodworms for the Telescopes. Also received a shipoment of ProGold from Rick at GC.
  20. blackteles

    Mongo is gone

    So sorry to hear about Mongo, Hidr. He was one of my favs.
  21. blackteles


    Way to go, K! They look great!
  22. blackteles

    Hey who is up for some enabling tonight?

    Sure...why not? Steve has done alot of work on broadtails and veiltails and really has done well with his breeding program.
  23. blackteles

    New pics of the baby corydoras

    Hey you got 5 more than me! I'm just sayin Nice job Miss Fang! Ya done good!
  24. blackteles

    Terrific Tele's

    Very nice, Shelly!
  25. blackteles

    The next two

    Very nice Veiltails, Cindy. Great job! Aren't RG's nice?